The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is in the process of transforming itself into an integrated economic, socio-cultural and political security community, the ASEAN Community. Human rights promotion and protection is one of the objectives of the ASEAN Community as stipulated in the ASEAN Charter.
Human rights are known as fundamental rights for all human beings and are fully recognized by International Human Rights Conventions. Importantly, most of the countries around the world become parties to those conventions. However, being signatory parties to those Conventions cannot guarantee the full respect, protection, and fulfilment of human rights of those states. The violations of human rights have become one of the society’s crises domestically, regionally, and internationally around the world until the present day.
Human rights violation is historically one of the most significant problems facing the ASEAN region. A number of human right violations have manifested in this region since before the emergence of ASEAN. The root causes of human rights crisis in ASEAN region result from many causes and factors, in particular religious and racial diversity. In order to be a rule-based community of the ASEAN, all Member States have to comply with the ASEAN Charter to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedom. The regional human rights body of the ASEAN will be added up for promoting and protecting of human rights and fundamental rights in the ASEAN region.
To achieve this the root causes as well as the factors of the prevalence of human rights violations in the ASEAN countries shall be reviewed and identified. The results of this study will make ASEAN concerned and aware of human rights, which is a key approach for being a rule-based community in promoting and protecting human rights and fundamental freedom in ASEAN in the near future.