Gao Jingyi (University of Tartu, Estonia) “Sinitic and Uralic Shared Etymologies with Rhyme Correspondences: On Finnish -anta, -iele, -uku and -ietä Rhymes”

Abstract:

The present study identifies 11 etymologies shared by the Sinitic and Uralic languages. All of these 11 etymologies belong to four rhyme correspondences: (1) Finnish -anta ⇔ Mandarin -əˑn ⇔ Cantonese -ɐnˑ ⇔ … ⇔ Shijing 文 rhyme; (2) Finnish –iele ⇔ Mandarin -(ĭ)a̝ˑn ⇔ Cantonese -iˑn ⇔ … ⇔ Shijing 元 rhyme; (3) Finnish -uku ⇔ Mandarin -uː ⇔ Cantonese -ʊk̚ˑ ⇔ … ⇔ Shijing 屋 rhyme; (4) Finnish –ietä ⇔ Mandarin -ɤ̞ː ⇔ Cantonese -iˑt̚ ⇔ … ⇔ Shijing月 rhyme. The regular sound correspondences validate the Sino-Uralic etymologies. The Sino-Uralic etymologies support the Sino-Uralic affinity.

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